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Pre-Primary Curriculum


Toddlers vocabularies are rapidly expanding; they can learn new words quickly and easily, acquiring as much as 50 words a month.

The language area of the classroom fosters this language explosion by providing them with pictures and materials to label and start conversations.

Early literacy skills are fostered as children are exposed to a print rich environment, observing the purpose of print and the pleasure it offers.


Toddlers learn about their world by exploring with their senses. Maria Montessori observed that children use the information from their environment to provide a frame work for organizing and categorizing information. The sensorial materials allow the children to explore and refine with their senses, while classifying and grading materials allows them to internalize a sense of order.


  • Musical instruments
  • Shakers
  • Sound cylinders


  • Scent Jars
  • Matching by Scent


  • Matching by texture
  • Rough and smooth board
  • Contrasting hard and soft surfaces found in the classroom


  • Matching
  • Sorting
  • Grading
  • Posting
  • Puzzles

Practical Life

The practical life materials in the Montessori Toddler environment allow the children numerous opportunities to develop self help skills that in turn foster self efficacy and the refinement of motor skills.

of Self

  • Hand washing
  • Food preparation
  • Toileting
  • Independence in dressing
  • Dressing Frames

Care of the

  • Sweeping
  • Mopping
  • Window washing
  • Table washing
  • Watering plants
  • Feeding pets
  • Flower arranging

Fine Motor

  • Hammering activity
  • Beading
  • Sewing
  • Nut and bolt activity
  • Transfer
  • Opening and closing containers
  • Burlap unraveling
  • Clothes pin activity

Gross Motor

  • Climbing structure
  • Maximum effort jars
  • Full body transfers
  • Walking on the line
  • Carrying materials
  • Mat activities
  • Chair activities

Grace &

  • Table manners
  • Saying please, thank you and excuse me
  • Waiting for turn


The art area of the Montessori toddler environment allows for further exploration with the senses as children experiment with different art media, refine their gross and fine motor skills and express themselves creatively.